Children In Need of Help and Protection: CIN Review, Final Data and Analysis

Children In Need of Help and Protection: CIN Review, Final Data and Analysis

Published by the Department For Education


In March 2018, to launch the Children in Need (CIN) review, we published a data and analysis report looking at a range of educational outcomes for children in the social care system. The evidence showed CIN on average have poorer outcomes at every stage of education than their peers. They start behind other children in the early years and have a widening attainment gap throughout school. They are also more likely than other children not to be in education, employment or training (NEET) after age 18.


In December 2018, we published preliminary analysis of a new longitudinal dataset, which linked children’s social care records between 2014-15 and 2016-17, and matched it to their education records. This showed there were at least 1.2 million children who were in need of social care services over the three year period, and those who had been in need, even if no longer in need at the point of their exams, had worse attainment than pupils who had not been in need. This publication presents analysis on an expanded longitudinal dataset, which links social care records between 2012-13 and 2017-18.


We analyse the characteristics and interactions of children receiving social care services over this period and their educational outcomes from early years through to higher education. We present regression analysis exploring the association between their social care history and GCSE attainment, controlling for a range of other factors. This evidence is published alongside the concluding publication of the CIN review, and together they develop an understanding of the number of CIN who have been in thesocial care system, in schools and in the wider population. It identifies their needs, the challenges they face, and what can make a difference to their educational outcomes in practice.




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